parties and requires their joint effort and cooperation. By, michelle Maiese, january 2004, as conflict escalates, adversaries begin to make greater threats and impose harsher negative sanctions. Such bonds include positive attitudes, respect, friendship, kinships, perceived similarity and common group membership.8 These bonds can counteract any antagonism that arises over the course of conflict. In order to find out all the necessary information considering this citation style view our. For example, schools can design activities to increase children's ability to identify others' emotional responses and to take the perspective of another. Earth history is much deeper, than one could imagine, and in order to analyze and really understand how the Earth evolved during millions of years, when humans were not existent on the planet, it is important to apply scientific knowledge and methods that would allow. Third, they can set limits on conflict escalation and intervene to enforce those limits.41 International governmental organizations, for example, can help to ensure that adversaries do not use overly destructive means to achieve their goals.
Essay Sample in ASA Style on Earth Science
Limiting Escalation /De- escalation, beyond Intractability
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First, conflict-limiting norms and institutions can limit the severity of conflict.3 These norms and institutions typically prohibit the use of harsh tactics and point to problem solving as the appropriate way to respond to conflict. Emphasizing the voices of political demagogues in the media can inflame feelings of fear and anger and contribute to invidious distinctions between in-groups and out-groups. In addition, failed attempts to de-escalate conflict may contribute to parties' view of the conflict as intractable.57 Any other de-escalation efforts may come to be regarded as hopeless. Cognitive dissonance theory suggests that once people have made conciliatory moves towards an adversary, they tend to justify their actions. In addition, the increasingly integrated global economy and the shared goal of economic expansion encourage cooperation and motivate parties to find win-win outcomes.38 Lastly, as members from each side develop ties and establish communication, they may facilitate de-escalation. Parties can reach agreements about peripheral issues first before they move on more central issues.50 This sequencing of issues allows them to develop an ability to work together before they tackle the most difficult problems.